The SISM Project

Through the various efforts of the Government of Nepal(GoN) to improve the basic education,the access to the basic education has been well improved as shown by the increased net intake rate(NIR) 91.2% and net enrollment rate(NER) 95.3% in 2012/13.On the other hand,the quality of the basic education has still faced problems, which are indicated by the low repetition rate 19.9% and promotion rate 72.5% in 2012/13 (Flash Report I, 2012/13).

As the key strategy to improve the basic education, GoN introduced a system to request all the community schools to organize a school management committee (SMC), whose members are selected by the community members. Each SMC is to prepare a school improvement plan (SIP), manage the school according to the SIP, and implement the activities of the SIP to improve the school teaching and learning environment. School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) mentions that the existing institutional capacity and support system in basic and secondary education has established robust planning, implementation, reporting and monitoring mechanisms through the Annual Strategic Implementation Plan (ASIP) process at the center and through SIPs, Village Education Plans (VEPs) and District Education Plans (DEPs) at the local level. SSRP regards “Capacity Development of SMCs”, which prepare and implement the SIP, as one of the key strategies. SMCs have been established by most of the schools to promote school-based management with the SIPs, although some of the SMCs do not function yet. In spite of the various efforts of GoN, limited capacity at the school and the community levels has caused the increased disparity among the schools and among the communities, which has impeded the improvement in the enrollment and the dropout rates of the primary schools.

GoN conducted “the Support for the Improvement of Primary School Management (SISM) Project” from February 2008 to February 2011 with the technical assistance of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The SISM project produced significant improvement in school management with community participation and with government support in the pilot districts; namely Dhading and Rasuwa.

GoN requested the Government of Japan (GoJ) to provide technical assistance for expansion of the SISM model to the other districts. Based on this request, JICA conducted the preparatory survey in 2012 and the record of discussions (R/D) was signed by the both parties in March 2013. It was agreed that “the Project for Support for Improvement of School Management Phase II (SISM2)” is implementing from June 2013 to December 2016.

Aim ,Goals and Objectives

Over-all Goal
Access to and quality of school education is improved.

Project Purpose
Schools are managed through SIP process nationwide for improving access to and quality of basic education.

Expected Output 1:
Refined model to make effective use of SIP process for improving access to and quality of basic education is developed.

Expected Output 2:
Effective and practical model for training and monitoring mechanism/contents is validated in target area

Expected Output 3:
Capacity of central and local education authorities to support school management through SIP process is strengthened.

Implementing Agency

The Ministry of Education (MoE) provides overall strategic guidance for the effective implementation of the project. Under the MoE, Department of Education (DOE), National Center for Educational Development (NCED) and Curriculum Development Center (CDC) with technical support from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), are the main implementing agency of the project. The DOE, NCED and CDC are responsible for decision making, implementation, monitoring and supervision of the project at the central level. The District Education Offices are the implementing agencies at the district level.

(Source: SISM2 Brochure)



Targeted Area

(1) First year Testing Districts:

  • Solukhumbu * Doti
  • Rupandehi * Jumla

Control Districts (For purpose of Base-line Survey):

  • Sankhuwasava * Kapilavastu
  • Kalikot * Dadeldhura

Follow-up Districts:

  • Dhading * Rasuwa

(2) Second & Third year-Regional/National Dissemination SISM2 intends to cover all 75 districts. The working districts for the second and the third years will be decided later based on the result of SIP model testing, other agencies coverage and availability of fund.

(Source: SISM2 Brochure, Page No: 2, Target Area/Groups)

Project Activities

SISM2 will be implemented from June 2013 to December 2016, with the major objectives for each year as shown in the chart below. The routine capacity development strategy/plan by the end of the project, will be prepared based on the results of the collaborative testing and regional/national dissemination, which is expected to be carried out by GoN after the completion of SISM2.

 (Source: SISM2 Brochure, Project Implementation)

Schedule for First Year Project Activities:    

SISM2 Output/Outcomes and after SISM2:


SISM2 envisions that all schools in Nepal will improve the quality of education through community participation by using SIP as the key tool. This approach is based on the existing mechanism and do not bring in any new concept nor functions, which is illustrated in the figure above